NUTRITIONAL CONTENT, HEALTH BENEFITS, AND USES OF WHITE MUSHROOMS
Mushrooms are largely popular for their great health benefits and amazing taste. They are loaded with important minerals and vitamins.
White mushrooms have low calories, and offer many health-promoting impacts, like cancer-fighting and boosted heart health properties. Alongside these, they boost phosphorus and copper intakes in the body. These minerals play vital functions in the body.
In skeletal health, copper assists the body to produce collagen, a protein that protects the bones from being brittle, and phosphorus adds to inorganic mineral tissuethat offers bone density. These minerals also help in energy synthesis and phosphorus assists in making DNA.
Like other mushrooms, this type of mushroom has a low amount of calories but is loaded with plenty of other nutrients. A serving of a single cup (96g) of white mushroom offers 3 grams’ carbs, 21 calories, 3 grams protein, 1-gram fiber, 16% of the Daily Value (DV) selenium, 4% of the DV folate, 12% of the DV phosphorus, and 33% of the DV vitamin D. As a consequence of their exposure to sunlight or UV rays, mushrooms grow naturally providing vitamin D2. White mushrooms can efficiently elevate the amount of blood of vitamin D2 or supplement. The human body changes vitamin D2 into the active version of vitamin D required to absorb calcium and maintain the bones healthy. Vitamin D inadequacy leads to osteoporosis, muscle weakness, and mineralization defects, leading to fractures and falls. Similarly, studies found that white mushrooms provide a few vitamins B12.
Dietary fiber in white mushrooms helps inmanaging several health conditions like type 2 diabetes. A review conducted in 2018 of meta-analyses found that individuals who consume much fiber might have lower chances of contracting type 2 diabetes. For individuals who already have it, fiber is a great nutrient that assists in lowering blood glucose levels. A single cup of raw mushrooms, sliced, having 70 grams, supplies around 1 gram of fiber. Health professionals recommend that adults take 22.4-33.6-gram dietary fiber per day dependent on age and sex. Beans, mushrooms, brown rice, some vegetables, and whole-grain diets add to a person’s daily fiber needs.
Support Heart Health
Inflammation, oxidative stress, and high triglycerides, and cholesterol are firmly associated with heart illness. The beta-glucan and ergothioneine contained in white mushrooms help in fighting cancer risks. Beta-glucan, a variety of soluble fiber, reduces blood cholesterol levels throughits potential to produce a gel-like compound when digested. After that, it traps cholesterol and triglycerides, inhibiting their absorption. Likewise, studies show that ergothioneine might assist in reducing triglyceride amounts after food consumption. One research conducted on ten men demonstrated that their blood triglycerides were significantly lowered by taking one tablespoon (16g) or two teaspoons (8g) of mushroom powder in the diet. This effect was credited to the ergothioneine content in the powder. In addition, this compound prevents arterial plaque from developing – a danger for heart illness that might lead to stroke and high blood pressure.
Contain Anti-Cancer Properties
Many antioxidant substances, including polysaccharides, polyphenols, ergothioneine, selenium, glutathione, and vitamin C, contribute to mushrooms’ anti-cancer effects. These antioxidants fight the hazardous impacts of oxidative stress, which results to cellular destruction that hastens aging and elevate the chances of contracting certain cancers and heart diseases. The major phenolic compounds found in white mushrooms are phenolic acids and flavonoids which can act as pro-oxidant and antioxidant. As antioxidants, they assist in boosting cell survival, while as pro-oxidants they destroy the cell to inhibit tumor growth. Polysaccharides contained in this type of mushroom shows the anti-cancer effects. One known variety of polysaccharide is beta glucan. It triggers the human immune system to stimulate natural killer cells and macrophages which guards the body from harmful organisms, diseases and infection including cancer. Moreover, these mushrooms contain high ergothioneine and glutathione.
Glutathione functions as a detoxification agent and antioxidant, meaning it excludes potentially dangerous foreign compounds in human body. Also, ergothioneine guard DNA from oxidative damaged. Furthermore, selenium and vitamin C provide anti-cancer effects that promote immune system in producing protective cells like natural killer cells which protects the body against cancer growth. In addition, vitamin C prevents particular enzyme subduing cancer from further spread. Although studies are motivating, most of them aimed on the impacts of white mushrooms’ components. Further research is required to be conducted to find more of their importance.
White mushrooms are found in different forms like frozen, fresh, canned, powdered, and dried. They have a short storage life of 3-4 days. Thus, canning, drying, and freezing are a few strategies utilized to elongate their storage life without altering their nutritional quality. Dried and fresh mushrooms, raw or cooked, are consumed with much comfort. Dry mushrooms can also be rehydrated by putting them in water. Nevertheless, the canned and frozen varieties can be cooked since their texture might have been altered during production. Also, white mushrooms in powder form are majorly used to promote the nutritional value of diets, especially to elevate the protein component of baked products. People prefer them because they are a perfect addition to the diet, adding taste to various recipes.
White mushrooms are healthy and can be added to some varied foods. They offer a wide variety of nutrients and are simple to prepare. Individuals are encouraged to consume mushrooms from a reliable source since some are toxic. Some of their health benefits include cholesterol-lowering properties, cancer-fighting effects, and boosting gut health. They are normally high in protein content and low calories. They can be incorporated into almost every food, permitting you to enjoy a sweet dish that provides many health aids. These mushrooms make the food sweet, but some are toxic and may cause dangerous health complications, therefore, take the ones that you are assured about their safety.